Over the last decade, UNFPA, UNICEF & other partners have implemented a Joint Program to accelerate the abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in 17 countries, 16 of which are in Africa. This program is now in its third phase, with the first phase (2008-2013) implemented in seven countries, including Ethiopia; the second phase (2014-2017) implemented in eight countries, and the third phase (2018-2021) is being implemented in an additional two countries. To address the issue, based on a rigorous desk review, a Global ACT Framework that includes comprehensive indicators – that are necessary to measure social norms change around FGM has been designed and developed by Drexel University with a complementary roadmap.
The global ACT framework is a macro-level monitoring & evaluation framework for changes in social norms, specifically for FGM, which can be adapted over time to local country contexts. ACT is an acronym of salient constructs of the framework meant to measure changes in social norms. The “A’ focuses on knowledge, affective, and behavioral indicators, as well as social norms measures, whereas the “C” focuses on indicators linked to gender, power, social networks, and social support. The first element of the ‘T’ focuses on measuring the effectiveness of audiences’ exposure to and engagement with communication interventions and provides options for tracking changes over time, including a call for the inclusion of participatory methods into current programmatic efforts. The second element of the ‘T’ underscores the importance of triangulation in the data collection and analyses phases.
The main objective of this project is to validate the global ACT Framework developed to track attitudes & social norms around FGM within two piloting countries ( Ethiopia and Guinea). To undertake the validation of the global ACT framework Indicators in Ethiopia (i.e., Addis Ababa, Afar and SNNP), Frontieri (the former BDS-CDR) is Commissioned by UNICEF/UNFPA CO. It is expected that the results from this validation will feed into future tasks of adapting ACT framework to local country contexts across the Joint Program countries. Further, the results will provide an opportunity to look into the changes that the joint program brought about in program implementation area (i.e., Afar and SNNP). Accordingly, Frontieri has trained its field staffs/data collectors from Monday 29 July 2019 to Saturday 3 August 2019 to take part in this project.